In the first part of this presentation of evidence relating to the life (or lives) of Captain William Day, of Massachusetts, we learned of his parentage and birth in Springfield, of his father's acquisition of land rights in the new settlement of Sheffield, of his first marriage and of his possible and probable early activities in and out of the port of Boston, including a trans-Atlantic voyage in which he (or possibly another sea captain of the same name and home port) brought to America the news of peace in the War of the Austrian Succession, in 1748. In America, that conflict, which spanned at least three continents, was just one in a series known as the French and Indian Wars- and not the last or the largest. Although we start this second instalment in peaceful 1750, we shall soon see Captain Day's skill in naval conflict.

Colour keyFamilyHousehold / CommunitySea tradeWarBackgroundPossibly our WilliamProbably not
15 Jan 1750
Boston Evening Post, 15 Jan 1750, pp:
Cleared out (to 13 Jan) ... Day for Ireland ...
[also in Boston Gazette, OR Weekly JOURNAL]
13 Feb 1750
[Lloyd's List, 13 Feb 1749/50:
The William, Womesley, and the Success, Day, were both lost the 13th of Decemb. in Poola Estora on the Coast of Barbary, in a violent Gale of Wind.]
[Estora, or Stora was the port of what is now Skikda in Algeria]
13 Mar 1750
Lloyd's List, 13 Mar 1749/50:
Dublin ...
6 Britannia, Day arrived from Boston
13 Mar 1750
Records relating to the early history of Boston, v14:
p172 (Town records 1749-50):
Town meeting, 13 Mar 1749/50: Capt. James Day among firewards chosen for the ensuing year
18 May 1750
Lloyd's List, 18 May 1750:
Dublin ...
12 Britannia, Day sailed for Boston
3 Aug 1750
Lloyd's List, 3 Aug 1750:
[Cowes ...
1 Charm. Teresa, Day came in for Seville]
[Cadiz ...
20 Jul NS [New Style] Friendship, Day arrived from Dublin]
20 Aug 1750
Boston Post-Boy, 20 Aug 1750, p1:
Entred In (to 15 Aug) ... Webb, James and Day from Hallifax ...
[also in Boston Gazette, OR Weekly JOURNAL, 21 Aug 1750, p1: no newspapers from Nova Scotia are known before 1752]
23 Aug 1750
BOSTON Weekly News-Letter, 23 Aug 1750, p2:
Entred In (to 22 Aug) ... Day from Hallifax ...
27 Aug 1750
The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, 27 Aug 1750, p2:
BOSTON, August 20.
... a few Days ago Capt. Day arrived here from Ireland. He brought out 186 People, not one of whom died on the Passage. He put into Halifax, where he disposed of Twenty odd Servants, the Rest, being Passengers, intend to settle in this Province, to whom we wish all possible Success and Encouragement.
18 Oct 1750
BOSTON Weekly News-Letter, 18 Oct 1750, p2:
Entred Out (to 17 Oct) ... Day for Ireland ...
22 Oct 1750
Boston Evening Post, 22 Oct 1750, p4:
Entred out (to 20 Oct) ...Day for Ireland ...
26 Nov 1750
Boston Post-Boy, 26 Nov 1750, p2:
Cleared out, ... Richardson and Day for Ireland ...
11 Jan 1751
Lloyd's List, 11 Jan 1750/1:
Dublin ...
1 Britannia, Day arrived from Boston
Britannia, Day sailed for Leverpool
7 May 1751
[Lloyd's List, 7 May 1751:
Dover ...
6 Friendship, Day arrived from Carthagena]
25 May 1751
Boston Evening-Post, 25 May 1741, p2:
Entred in (to 23 May) ... Vickery, Day & Witham from Virginia ...
9 Jul 1751
Lloyd's List, 9 Jul 1751:
Barbadoes ...
30 May Britannia, Day arrived from Leverpool
30 Jul 1751
Lloyd's List, 30 Jul 1751:
Leverpool ...
26 Britannia, Day arrived from Barbadoes
28 Oct 1751
Boston Evening Post, 28 Oct 1751, p1:
Entred in (to 26 Oct) ... Day from Maryland ...
28 Oct 1751
Boston Post-Boy, 28 Oct 1751, p2:
Entred in (to 26 Oct) ... Day and Phillips from Maryland ...
[also in Boston Gazette, OR Weekly JOURNAL]
9 Mar 1752
Records relating to the early history of Boston, v14:
p206 (Town records 1752):
Town meeting, 9 Mar 1752 [NS]: Capt. James Day among firewards chosen for the ensuing year
16 Apr 1752
BOSTON Weekly News-Letter, 16 Apr 1752, p2:
Entred In (to 15 Apr) Day from Maryland, Wheldon from Virginia ...
20 Apr 1752
Boston Evening Post, 20 Apr 1752, p2:
Entred in (to 18 Apr) ... Wheldon and Day from Virginia ...
20 Apr 1752
Boston Post-Boy, 20 Apr 1752, p2:
Entred In (to 20 Apr) Wheldon from Virginia, Day from Maryland ...
3 Jul 1752
Lloyd's List, 3 Jul 1752:
Barbadoes ...
Susanna, Day arrived from Leverpool
21 Jul 1752
Lloyd's List, 21 Jul 1752:
Leverpool ...
17 Susannah, Day arrived from Barbadoes
9 Jan 1753
Lloyd's List, 9 Jan 1753:
Barbadoes ...
12 Nov. Susannah, Day arrived from Leverpool
9 Jan 1753
Will of John Day, gent., of Springfield in the county of Hampshire, New England, written 7 Jan 1747:
Summary: Bequests to wife Hannah, sons John, Hezekiah, Joseph, Benjamin and William (landholdings described in detail; common rights, livestock and farm equipment to be divided equally between them; John and Joseph each get a quarter share of his "right of land" in Sheffield) and daughters Mary Stebbins, Sarah Ashley, Rebekah Stebbins, Elisabeth Stow and Thankfull Taylor. Hezekiah and Benjamin appointed executors.
Codicil, 26 Oct 1752, deals with legacy to son John, who has died 30 Mar 1751, leaving heirs.
Major John died 20 Nov 1752 ["October" corrected to "Nover." on his tombstone in the Old Meadow cemetery, West Springfield]; will proved at Northampton, Hampshire, 9 Jan 1753.
William's portion: "Item. I give and bequeath to my loving Son William Day his Heirs and Assigns forever all my right & Title of & in all & any lands that was given to me by my Will by my Hon'd father Thomas Day Dec's in Springfield afores'd at the place called & known by the name of World's end on the East side of the Great River also one half part both for Quantity and Quality of my right of land at Sheffield afores'd, also I give to my said son William the sum of Twenty Shillings according to old Tenor bills of Publick Credit accounted after the rate of Silver at Thirty Shillings p. ounce to be paid to him out of my Personal estate by my Executor within one year after my Decease, also I give to him my Son William the Sum of Sixty pounds according to old Tenor bills as afores'd at the rate of Silver at Thirty Shillings p. ounce as afores'd to be paid to him by my Executors within one year after my decease."
["Old Tenor bills" of Massachusetts, originally issued in 1690, were the first paper money created by the government of any European or American nation; originally valued at 6 shilling bills to 1 Spanish silver dollar (just under 7 shilling bills to 1 troy ounce of silver), so many were eventually printed that they suffered massive inflation, and gained their "Old Tenor" designation when they were replaced by "New Tenor" bills in 1737]
16 Mar 1753
Lloyd's List, 16 Mar 1753:
Leverpool ...
13 Lovely Betty, Day arrived from Barbadoes
20 Mar 1753
Harrop's Manchester Mercury, and General Advertiser, 20 Mar 1753, p3:
The MARINE LIST. Arrived.
At Liverpool. ... Charming Betty, Day, from Barbadoes, with 13000 Hogshead Staves, and 5500 Pieces of Heading.
27 Mar 1753
[Lloyd's List, 27 Mar 1753:
Gravesend ...
Charm. Theresa, Day arrived from S. Carolina
17 Jul 1753
Lloyd's List, 17 Jul 1753:
Cowes ...
Charm. Theresa, Day arrived from Stockton
20 Jul 1753
Lloyd's List, 20 Jul 1753:
Cowes ...
Charm. Teresa, Day sailed for Seville]
14 Aug 1753
Lloyd's List, 14 Aug 1753:
Barbadoes ...
26 [Jun] Betty, Day arrived from Leverpoole
9 Nov 1753
Lloyd's List, 9 Nov 1753:
Leverpool ...
6 Charm. Betty, Day arrived from Carolina
13 Nov 1753
Harrop's Manchester Mercury, and General Advertiser, 13 Nov 1753, p3:
The MARINE LIST. Arrived.
At Liverpool. ... Charming Betty, Day, from North Carolina, with 453 Barrels of Tar, 132 Barrels of Pitch, 60 Barrels of Turpentine, 8 Bundles 1 Cask of Deer Skins, and 49c. Barrel Staves.
30 Jul 1754
Harrop's Manchester Mercury, and General Advertiser, 30 Jul 1754, p3:
The MARINE LIST. Arrived.
At Liverpool. ... Charming Betty, Day, from South Carolina, with 308 Barrels 15 half Barrels of Rice, 75 Mahogany Planks, 72c. Staves and Heading.
26 Nov 1754
Harrop's Manchester Mercury, and General Advertiser, 26 Nov 1754, p3:
The MARINE LIST. Arrived.
At Liverpool. ... Carolina, Day, from Hamburgh, with 3 Bales 1 Chest 40 Rolls of Linen, 600 Bundles of Scale-board, and 10c. Pipe Staves.
9 Dec 1754
Boston Post-Boy, 9 Dec 1754, p2:
Entred out (to 7 Dec) ... Stoddard and Day for Maryland ...
[also in Boston Gazette, OR, WEEKLY ADVERTISER]
16 Dec 1754
Boston Evening Post, 16 Dec 1754, p2:
Cleared out (to 14 Dec) ... Stodderd, Lufkin, Millett and Day for Maryland ...
[also in Boston Gazette, OR, WEEKLY ADVERTISER]
16 Jan 1755
Maryland Gazette, 16 Jan 1755, p2:
Custom-House, Annapolis, Enter'd ...
Schooner Gull, Samuel Day, from Boston
25 Mar 1755
Lloyd's List, 25 Mar 1755:
Cork ...
14 Duke of Argyle, Day arrived from Leverpool
4 Apr 1755
Lloyd's List, 4 Apr 1755:
Cork ...
Duke of Argyle, Day sailed for Jamaica
28 Apr 1755
Boston Evening Post, 28 Apr 1755, p2:
Entred in (to 26 Apr), Day from Maryland ...
30 Jun 1755
Boston Evening Post, 30 Jun 1755, p3 [advert]:
THIS is to Notify the several Creditors to the Estate of Mr. James Adams, late of Boston, Blockmaker, deceased, that the time for the Commissioners receiving the Claims of the several Creditors, is lengthened out by the Honourable the Judge of Probate, for three Months longer, and that Attendance will be given at Capt. Day's, the Sun Tavern in Boston, the third Wednesday of this and the two next ensuing Months, from Six to Eight o'Clock in the Afternoon. ...
[there was a Sun Tavern at Dock Square, Boston]
26 Aug 1755
Lloyd's List, 26 Aug 1755:
Jamaica ...
D. of Cumberland, Day arrived from Leverpool
["Cumberland" may be a mistake for "Argyle" but there was a ship of that name trading to Jamaica in the 1750s.]
26 Dec 1755
Lloyd's List, 26 Dec 1755:
Cork ...
14 Thomas, Day arrived from Barbadoes
No Day arrival at Liverpool mentioned in Manchester Mercury issues 16, 23 or 30 Dec 1755. No shipping reports in early Jan 1756.
13 May 1756
Boston Weekly News-Letter, 13 May 1756, p2:
Clear'd Out (to 12 May) ... Day for Maryland ...
20 Jul 1756
Harrop's Manchester Mercury, and General Advertiser, 20 Jul 1756, p3:
July 9.
D. of Argyle, William Day, owner G. Cambel & Co., from Jamaica.
3 Aug 1756
Harrop's Manchester Mercury, and General Advertiser, 3 Aug 1756, p2:
FULL Two and Fifty Days brave BLAKENEY stood,
'Midst dying BRITONS, sprinkled with their Blood!
Hard Service this ! - and, not to be reliev'd !
By what foul Fiend was this old Man* deceiv'd ?
MINORCA lost ! - thro' Cowardice, or Gold;
And BRITAIN must - if Honour can be sold.

*[William Blakeney, for nearly a decade Minorca's lieutenant-governor to a governor who never arrived, was in his mid-80s when the French invaded in 1756]
17 Aug 1756
High Court of Admiralty: Prize Court: Registers of Declarations for Letters of Marque. AGAINST FRANCE. Described at item level. Commander: William Day. Ship: Blakeney Privateer. Burden: 90 tons. Crew: 70. Owners: George Campbell and Company of Liverpool, merchants. Lieutenant: Gresham Speers. Gunner: Henry Chip. Boatswain
Held by: The National Archives (Kew) - High Court of Admiralty and colonial Vice-Admiralty courts
Date: 17 August 1756
Reference:HCA 26/5/116
Commander: William Day.
Ship: Blakeney Privateer.
Burden: 90 tons.
Crew: 70.
Owners: George Campbell and Company of Liverpool, merchants.
Lieutenant: Gresham Speers.
Gunner: Henry Chip.
Boatswain: William Jones.
Carpenter: Roger Fowler.
Surgeon: William Slicer.
Cook: John Fring.
Armament: 10 carriage and 20 swivel guns.
Folio: 130
Date: 1756 August 17
20 Oct 1756
Gomer Williams, "History of the Liverpool Privateers" (1897) p87-:
The spirited manner in which the French commenced the war, and the superiority and activity of their privateers, caused an immediate and enormous increase in the premium for insurance against sea risks.
the Liverpool merchants took a leaf out of the enemy's book, and forthwith began to fit out their ships as privateers ... The Revenge, Mandarin and Anson privateers sailed from the port on the first of July, 1756, and the Brave Blakeney followed in August. These vessels were very successful on their first cruise, particularly the Anson, which returned in a few weeks with a French West Indiaman worth £20,000; and the Brave Blakeney, which brought in two other prizes of great value, named La Gloire and Le Juste.
the Anson ... belonging to Mr. George Campbell, a member of the Common Council ...
The Brave Blakeney privateer, Captain William Day, a brigantine of 14 carriage-guns and 20 swivels, also belonging to Mr. George Campbell, sailed from the Mersey in August, 1756, and falling in with the Hawke privateer, of Exeter, agreed to cruise in company. On the 6th of October, Cape Finisterre bearing W.S.W. about 25 leagues, they chased and came up with two ships and two snows from St. Domingo, which drew up in a line to engage the privateers. The two ships were the Robuste, a French Guineaman of 14 guns and about 40 men, and the Le Juste, 450 tons, 22 guns (10 of which proved to be wooden ones), 4 swivels and 27 men. The Blakeney being the foremost of the two privateers, shot ahead of the Robuste, and attacked the Le Juste, who returned his fire very briskly, aided by one of the snows that lay ahead of the privateer, and the other upon his weather quarter. They all fought the Blakeney two hours, the Hawke's metal not being heavy enough to enable her to assist her consort, and then the Le Juste struck. In the meantime the Hawke came up and bravely boarded the Robuste, which was astern, the Frenchmen running from their quarters immediately upon the apearance of the boarders. Their captain was shot in his thigh. When Captain Day had secured Le Juste, he gave chase to the snow, La Gloire, which had crowded away while he lay by fishing his wounded masts, which caused a delay of nearly an hour. In endeavouring to escape, the snow threw overboard four guns, a sheet anchor and best bower cable; but the Blakeney got alongside of her, fought her, and took her. In the engagement, a crossbar shot broke the shank of one of the Blakeney's anchors, and a piece of the bar passing between the thighs of one poor fellow, took most part of the flesh away on each side. Two other men were also wounded. The Hawke received considerable damage, and had one man killed, while another man had his arm shot off, and another a leg broken. As soon as Captain Hewston, of the Hawke, had secured his prize, he gave chase to the second snow, the Victoire, of 10 guns, which escaped under cover of night. When the Blakeney engaged the four vessels, she had only 13 guns (viz., 2 nine-pounders, 1 six-pounder, 2 four-pounders, 8 three-pounders), 20 swivels and 67 men and boys aboard. All the ships were much damaged in the action, and lay some time to refit. After manning both his prizes, Captain Day had only 45 men left on board his own ship, besides Frenchmen, who were superior in number. The united cargoes of the two prizes, which arrived safe in Liverpool, consisted of the folowing:-
232 hogsheads 3 tierces 195 barrels White Sugar.
547 do. 28 do. 27 do. Muscovada Sugar.
288 do. - do. 218 do. Coffee.
15 do. - do. 4 do. Indigo.
And some hundreds of hides.
26 Oct 1756
Harrop's Manchester Mercury, and General Advertiser, 26 Oct 1756, p4 [very faint copy]:
Extract of a Letter from a Gentleman at Liverpool, to the Printer of this Paper, dated October 21.
This Day arrived the Le Gloria, a French St. Domingo Man, laden with 350 Hogsheads of Sugar, Coffee and Indigo, taken by the BLAKENEY Privateer of this Port, and the Hawke Privateer of Exeter, with two other St. Domingo Men not yet arrived, which were taken the _____ _____ but parted the eleventh in a Gale of Wind. _____ ___ with the Privateers, are daily expected into this Port ____ ___ Winds prove more favourable, they have ____ _____ most of the Week. They are said to be worth 90,000 ____. There was a fourth in Company, which _____ ____ taken, owing to the Privateers wanting more Hands.
26 Oct 1756
Whitehall Evening Post or London Intelligencer, 26 Oct 1756
The Robert, Damine, from St. Domingo for Rochelle, is the Ship taken by the Hawke Privateer, and she is brought into Topsham.
The Glory, and the Just, both from St. Domingo are the two taken by the Blakeney Privateer of Liverpool.
29 Oct 1756
The Public Advertiser (London), 29 Oct 1756:
Liverpool, Oct. 24. Late last Night arrived a large Snow of 330 Tons, called the La Gloire, Guilliam Sebillo, Master, from St. Domingo, taken by the Blakeney Privateer of this Place, Capt. William Day, on the 6th Inst. off Cape Finisterre, laden with Sugar, Coffee, Indigo, &c. The Hawke of Exeter was in Company, and they took the Justice, Connil, from St. Domingo for Bourdeaux, and the Robuste, Lamiew, of Rochelle, from St. Domingo, two very fine Ships; at the same time there was a fourth in Company, who escaped tho' she had struck; the four Ships drew up in Line of Battle, and engaged the Privateers who had accidentally fallen in with one another, several Glasses; the Prize brought in here threw four of her Guns overboard, intending to run away; and parted Company with the Blakeney and one of the Ships a Fortnight ago: the Exeter Privateer took Care of the other Ship.
30 Oct 1756
Read's Weekly Journal Or British Gazetteer (London) 30 Oct 1756
Tuesday last the Hawke privateer belonging to Exeter, sent in there a St. Domingo ship of 310 tons, 12 guns, and about 30 men, said to be worth 20,000 l. The master of the prize was dangerously wounded in the engagement, which lasted about an hour; the Hawke lost one man.- The Hawke and a Liverpool privateer, took three between them, and the other two are gone to Liverpool.
1 Nov 1756
Scots Magazine [Edinburgh], Nov 1756:
Captures, &c. for October.
By Privateers
, &c.
By the Blakeney of Liverpool, Day, and the Hawke of Exeter, Hewson: La Gloire, of 330 tons, with sugar, coffee, indico, and hides; La Juste, of 450 tons, 22 guns, 10 of which wood, 4 swivels and 20 men; and the Robuste, a French Guineyman, of 14 guns and 40 old men, all from St. Domingo for France. The two former are carried into Liverpool by the Blakeney, and the Robuste into Topsham by the Hawke.
2 Nov 1756
Harrop's Manchester Mercury, and General Advertiser, 2 Nov 1756, p4:
Oct ...
26. Blakeney Privateer, Capt. Day, from off his Cruize.
2 Nov 1756
Maryland Gazette, 17 Feb 1757, p2 [with significant variant readings from the Leeds Intelligencer, 2 Nov 1756, and from Harrop's Manchester Mercury, and General Advertiser, 2 Nov 1756]:
LIVERPOOL, October 22 [L.I. 29; M.M. 20].
On Sunday last [L.I. / M.M. Saturday] arrived here the La Glorie, a Snow of
330 Tons, Guillaume Sybille [L.I. Syhillo; M.M. Sybillo], Master, of Bourdeaux (late belonging to M. Reymond Balae [L.I. / M.M. Belae], Merchant there) from St. Domingo, with 136 Hogsheads, 104 Barrels of white Sugar, 159 Hogsheads [L.I. / M.M. 259], 13 Tierces, 6 Barrels of Muscovado Sugar, 108 Hogsheads, 114 Barrels of Coffee, 12 Hogsheads, 2 Barrels of Indigo, and a Parcel of Hides, taken by the Blakeney Privateer of this Port, commanded by the brave Capt. William Day. Capt. Day fell in Company with the Hawke Privateer, of Exeter, Capt. Hewston, a Snow of 13 [M.M. 15] Carriage Guns, 2 and 3 [L.I. Guns, and 2] Pounders, 8 Swivels, and 62 Men and Boys; with whom he made an Agreement to cruize in Company. On the 6th Instant (Cape Finisterre bearing W.S.W. about 26 [L.I. 15; M.M. 25] Leagues) in the Morning they descried 4 Sails to whom they gave Chace, and between 10 and 11 o'Clock came up with them; they proved to be two Ships and two Snows [L.I. and Snows] from St. Domingo, and drew up in a Line to engage the Privateers; the Blakeney being the Foremost shot a-head of the Ship Robuste, a French Guineyman, of 14 Guns, and 40 odd Men, and engaged the Ship Le Juste, Capt. Connel, a Ship of 450 Tons, 22 Guns (10 of which proved to be Wooden ones) [L.I. omits whole clause in parentheses] 4 Swivels, and 27 Men, who returned his Fire very briskly, aided by one of the Snows that lay a-head of the Privateer, and the other upon his Weather Quarter; they all fought the Blakeney 4 Glasses, and then the Le Juste struck [L.I. report ends here]. In the mean Time the Hawke came up and bravely boarded the Robuste that was a-Stern (it having been agreed on by the two Captains, as the Hawke's Metal was not heavy enough for the Ships) the Frenchmen ran from their Quarters immediately on the Hawke's People boarding her: When Capt. Day had secured the Le Juste, he gave Chace to the La Gloire, who crowded away whilst he lay by fishing his Main-mast and Fore-mast, the former of which had been wounded with a 4 Pound Shot, [M.M. adds: and the latter with a Bolt and two Swivel Shot,] which took him three Quarters of an Hour: As soon as he got along Side of her he engaged her and took her; she having thrown overboard 4 Carriage Guns, 6 Pounders, a Sheet Anchor, and her best Bower Cable, in the Chace; when she struck she had 4 Guns, 2 Swivels, and 35 Men left on board. In the Engagement a Cross-bar Shot broke the Shank of one of the Blakeney's Anchors, a Piece of the Bar pass'd between William Kelly Mariner's Thighs, and took most Part of the Flesh away on each Side. (It is well it did not hit higher up.) [M.M. omits whole clause in parentheses].
[M.M. adds the following paragraph: John Harper was wounded in the Neck with a Splinter, and Ben. Powett in the Wrist by a small shot, all at the same Instant. The Hawke had 1 Man killed, 1 Man's Arm Shot off, another's Leg broke, and received two Shot in his Hull under Water, carried away his Flying-Gib-Boom, and sprung his Bowsprit and Fore-Yard at the Time of Boarding. As soon as he had secured his Prize, he gave Chace to the other Snow who was running off, called the Victorie, mounting 10 six pounders, but Night coming on she escaped, and the Hawke returned to her Consorts: When the Blakeney engaged, she had only 13 Guns, viz. Two 9 Pounders, one 6 Pounder, two 4 Pouders, eight 3 Pounders, 20 Swivels, and 67 Men and Boys on board; Capt. Day parted with the Le Juste 30 Leagues to the Westward of Ushant on Friday the 15th Instant in hard a Gale of Wind at N.E. having put on board 12 Englishmen and 11 Frenchmen; for as he was obliged to Mann both his Prizes, he had only 45 Men left on board his own Ship, besides Frenchmen which were Superior in Number. The Capt. of the Robuste received a Shot in his Thigh, and one Man on board the Juste was wounded in the Shoulder with a Musket-Ball. All the Ships were ill damaged in the Engagement, and lay bye some Time to refit.- The Juste's Cargo consists of 96 Hogsheads 3 Tierces 1 Barrel of White, 288 Hogsheads 15 Tierces and 21 Barrels of Muscovada Sugar, 180 Hogsheads and 104 Barrels of Coffee, 3 Hogsheads 2 Barrels of Indigo, and 350 Hides. She is daily expected here: 'Tis presumed her Non-arrival is owing to the Easterly Winds which we have had of late.
10 Nov 1756
Public Advertiser [London], 10 Nov 1756:
Cork, Oct 28. Last Night came in here the St. Andrew Privateer of Bristol, and brought in with her the Lys of Bourdeaux ... and the Juste a Prize belonging to and taken by the Blakeney of Liverpool, whom she fell in Company with at Sea.
11 Nov 1756[NOT TO BE CONFUSED WITH: reports early Nov 1756 about the privateers Anson and Blakeney, which were based at Cork.
DITTO: reports mid-Nov about the privateer Blakeney, based at Bristol]
6 Jan 1757
Public Advertiser (London, England), Thursday, January 6, 1757
Letter from Liverpool, Jan. 2.
This Day arrived the Blakeney Privateer, Capt. Day, from her Cruise, without any Success. ...
[not in Manchester Mercury; Jan 2 was last date recorded in 4 Jan issue, not mentioned in 11 Jan issue]
early 1757?Detail from marine portrait of Captain Day, c1757
George Edward Day, “A genealogical register of the descendants in the male line of Robert Day, of Hartford, Conn., who died in the year 1648” (2nd edition, 1848, reprinted 1913)
In an essay forming an appendix to the 1913 reprint of the above-mentioned book, "Notable Things in the Genealogical Register of the Springfield Branch of the Day Family," G. Frederick Wright quotes a rare earlier essay "History of the Day family: read at the 80th birthday celebration of James Day, August 27, 1887" by Mrs E.D. Austin (Lorain, Ohio):
"He was in the service during the French War, holding his commission under the King of England. His vessel was captured at one time and he was carried a prisoner to France and was in prison there for two years. When released he begged the privilege of taking his old boots with him, which was granted; the boot heels were filled with guineas. For meritorious service during the war in capturing four French frigates, and bringing them into Plymouth harbor, he was in honor of his bravery and achievment, presented by the admiralty of England, with a large painting by Copley*, commemorative of the event of his bringing them into port. He is represented standing on the deck of his ship, spy glass in hand, calmly viewing the scene with the conscious pride of the victorious hero swelling in his breast, and lighting up his features."
[*John Singleton Copley, probably born in Boston in 1738, was an extremely talented portrait painter- but as we shall see, he may not have painted Capt. Day.]
[The reproductions of the painting of William Day published in this and other books are absurdly crude imitations of the original, which seems only to be available in a monochrome reproduction (detail at right)]
early 1757?
Descent of painting:
James Day (son of William) had at least 5 children from 1812 onward, including
Thomas Davis Day (b 27 Jun 1820, Black River, Lorain County, Ohio)
early 1757?
Thomas Davis Day, merchant of New Orleans, St. Louis, and New York City, was born in Ohio in 1820. At age sixteen he moved to New Orleans to work for his brother, James Ingersoll Day (1812-1896), who was a partner in the hardware firm of Slark, Day, and Stauffer. In 1846, Thomas Davis Day moved to St. Louis and with Augustus F. Shapleigh formed a hardware business, Shapleigh and Day. He married Frances Helm of Natchez, Mississippi, in 1859. After the Civil War, Day experienced business troubles and dissolved his partnership with Shapleigh. He relocated to New York City in 1865 and founded the hardware firm of Day and Haley, which went into bankruptcy in 1871. Day died in 1896.
early 1757?
Archives of American Art Journal (Volume 34, Number 3 | 1994)
History and Family: Daniel Huntington and the Patronage of Thomas Davis Day
by Nancy Rash
Discusses three paintings, 1852-1856, commissioned by Day from Huntington to commemorate the military prowess of his forebears. These include a copy of an 18th c. portrait of William Day before a naval battle, and Elisha Hinman's Naval Action (both, private collections), and a portrait of Day's grandmother Abigail Dolbeare Hinman attempting to shoot Benedict Arnold during the burning of New London, Connecticut (New London, Lyman Allyn Art Museum). Outlines the Day family legends that led to the choice of these subjects, and examines Day's interactions with Huntington.
The paintings that Day commissioned from Huntington between 1852 and 1856 focused on family history as it related to national events. First Huntington was asked to copy an eighteenth-century English portrait of Day's paternal grandfather that showed one of the latter's naval victories. Then Huntington painted a maritime battle scene in which Day's maternal grandfather was chief protagonist.
In September Huntington, then in London, was asked to restore the portrait of Captain William Day by an unidentified British artist and then to copy it. After being kept by the family for some years, the portrait had been lent in 1843 to the Connecticut Historical Society, where it had not been well cared for, and Day subsequently withdrew it. Although the artist was unknown, he boasted to Huntington that the painting "was presented by the King so says the tradition, meaning by order of the Admiralty." ...
In 1852, the same year that he designed the Hinman monument, Day contemplated commissioning another for his Day relatives buried in Springfield, Massachusetts. This monument, not erected until 1857, also displayed a lengthy inscription that celebrated his grandfather William Day's naval action ...
11 Mar 1757
[Lloyd's List, 11 Mar 1757:
The Kilham, Day, from Hull for Oporto, is stranded at Saltfleet near the Humber, but part of her Cargo will be saved.]
18 Mar 1757
Lloyd's List, 18 Mar 1757:
Cork ...
4 William & Ann, Day sailed for Jamaica
30 Mar 1757
Public Advertiser (London) 30 Mar 1757:
For SALE by the CANDLE,
At Swale's Coffee-house in the City of Exeter, about the Latter End of April next, the following Goods, being
THE intire Cargo of the Robust, Anthony Damien late Master, fromn St. Domingo, taken by the Hawke Privateer of Exeter, John Hewetson Commander.
About 300 Hogsheads, 100 Tierces and Barrels, Sugar; 90 Hhds. and Barrels Coffee; 800 Hides tann'd; 12 Hogsheads and Barrels Indigo; a small Quantity of Gold Dust, &c.
At the same Time will be sold, the Good Ship Robust, a prime Sailer, Burden about 300 Tons, with 11 Carriage Guns, 6 and 4 Pounders. Catalogues will be timely delivered, and Samples shewn in London by THO. GREENE, Broker, Mark-lane.
25 Apr 1757
Sussex Weekly Advertiser, or, Lewes Journal, 25 Apr 1757, p2:
The Blakeney Privateer, of Guernsey, is carried into St. Malo.
25 Apr 1757
Public Advertiser (London) 25 Apr 1757:
For SALE by the CANDLE,
At Garraway's Coffee-house in Exchange Alley,
On Friday May 6, at Five o'Clock in the Afternoon precisely,
THE following Goods, now lying at Topsham and there to be delivered, viz. 329 Hogsheads, 1 Tierce, 2 Barrels, Sugar; 72 Hogsheads, 60 Barrels, Coffee; 1 Pipe, 7 Hogsheads, 14 Barrels, Indigo; 1058 Half Hides tann'd; 1 small Cask Tortoiseshell; 5 Casks, 1 Chest, containing 598 Pieces Grass Cloth: Being the intire Cargo of the Robust from St. Domingo, taken by the Hawke Privateer of Exon. Samples of the Cargo will be shewn, and Catalogues timely delivered by
THOMAS GREENE, Broker, Mark-lane.
N.B. On the same Day will be sold, at Swale's Coffee-house in Exon, the good Ship Robust, a prime Sailer, Burden about 300 Tons with 11 Carriage Guns 6 and 4 Pounders.
26 Apr 1757
Lloyd's List, 26 Apr 1757:
Portsmouth ...
22 Eleanor, Day came in for Leverpool
14 May 1757
British Spy or The Universal London Weekly Journal, 14 May 1757:
The Blakeney Privateer, Capt. Price, was well at Majorca the 15th ult. and has carried in a French Tartan.
18 May 1757
Public Advertiser (London) 18 May 1757:
For SALE by the CANDLE,
in Liverpool, in about three Weeks,
THE following Goods, being the entire Cargoes of two French Ships from St. Domingo, taken by the Blakeney Privateer of Liverpool.
Per LE JUSTE, 383 Hogsheads, 14 Tierces, 26 Barrels, Sugar; 5 Hhds. 119 Tierces, 168 Barrels, Coffee; 8 whole, 321 half Hides tann'd; 7 Barrels Indigo; 3 Barrels Broken Glass.
Per LA GLORIE, 394 Hogsheads, 14 Tierces, 11 Barrels, Sugar; 5 Hhds. 37 Tierces, 180 Barrels, Coffee; 6 Tierces, 10 Barrels, Indigo.
Catalogues will be timely delivered, and Samples shewn by
THO. GREENE, Broker, in Mark-lane.
30 May 1757
Public Advertiser (London) 30 May 1757:
Advert as 18 May, with sale date set as Monday, June 20.
3 Jun 1757
Lloyd's List, 3 Jun 1757:
Chester ...
Polly, Day arrived from Yarmouth
6 Jun 1757
Sussex Weekly Advertiser, or, Lewes Journal, 6 Jun 1757, p1:
The Stapleton, Todd, is taken by the French; the Patsey, Owen, with Corn; the Blakeney Privateer, and the Young Sarah, Scott, from Messina, are all carried into Marseilles.
11 Jun 1757
Public Advertiser (London) 11 June 1757:
Advert roughly as 18 May, with revisions:
At Edward Forbes's, Jun. and Company's Sale Room, opposite the Exchange in Liverpool, on Monday June 20, at Eleven o'Clock in the Forenoon,
Per La GLORIE, 396 Hogsheads, 14 Tierces, 9 Barrels, Sugar; 5 Hhds. 48 Tierces, 169 Barrels, Coffee; 6 Tierces, 10 Barrels, Indigo.
Samples shewn from Monday next to Thursday, at the House of
THO. G...
11 Aug 1757
High Court of Admiralty: Prize Court: Registers of Declarations for Letters of Marque. AGAINST FRANCE. Described at item level. Commander: William Day. Ship: Prussian Hero. Burden: 400 tons. Crew: 80. Owners: George Nelson and Abraham Hoskins of Manchester, merchants. Lieutenant: James Ennson. Gunner: James Nicholas
Held by: The National Archives (Kew)- High Court of Admiralty and colonial Vice-Admiralty courts
Date: 11 August 1757
Reference: HCA 26/8/24
Commander: William Day.
Ship: Prussian Hero.
Burden: 400 tons.
Crew: 80.
Owners: George Nelson and Abraham Hoskins of Manchester, merchants.
Lieutenant: James Ennson.
Gunner: James Nicholas.
Boatswain: Anthony Start.
Carpenter: William Griffiths.
Surgeon: John Hoyes.
Cook: John Davis.
Armament: 20 carriage guns.
Folio: 25
Date: 1757 August 11
11 Aug 1757NB: Blakeney & Prussian Hero are the only letters of marque in National Archives (Kew) records associated with commanders or owners called William Day.
Also, I have not so far found any records of colonial privateer vessels commanded by a William Day in this war.
30 Aug 1757
Manchester Mercury and Harrop's General Advertiser, 30 Aug 1757, p3:
... Prussian Hero, Day, New-York ...
25 Oct 1757
[Lloyd's List, 25 Oct 1757:
Dartmouth ...
Morice, Day arrived from Boston]
28 Nov 1757
New-York Mercury, 28 Nov 1757, p3:
Custom-House, New-York, Inward Entries
Prussian-Hero, William Day, from Liverpool
28 Nov 1757
New-York Gazette: or, The Weekly Post-Boy, 28 Nov 1757, p3:
Custom-House, New-York, Inward-Entries
ship Prussian-Hero, William Day, from Liverpool.
28 Nov 1757
New-York Gazette, or Weekly Post-Boy, 28 Nov 1757, p3 [advert]:
Just imported in the Prussian hero, Capt. William Day, from Liverpool; and to be sold by,
Theophilact Bache,
At his Store, in the House of the late Paul Richard, esq;
A Great Assortment of EUROPEAN Goods, proper for the season, also a Parcel of Salt, and Coals.
[also in issues of 12 Dec 1757, 19 Dec 1757, 2 Jan 1758]
12 Dec 1757
New-York Mercury, 12 Dec 1757, p4 [advert]:
To be sold by WILLIAM DAY (commander of the Ship Prussian Hero) on board said SHIP, lying at Mr. Cruger's wharf; sundry sorts of EUROPEAN Goods, a parcel of EARTHEN WARE and sadlery.
19 Dec 1757
New-York Mercury, 19 Dec 1757, p3:
Custom-House, New-York
Outward Entries
Ship Prussian-Hero, William Day for Jamaica.
21 Dec 1757
Records relating to the early history of Boston, v19:
p71 (Selectmen's Minutes, 1757):
Decr. 21st. 1757 ...
On the 20th. Inst. Sent to Capt. Day at the Sun Tavern one private of the 40th. Regimt. to Quarter and Billet.
19 Jan 1758
Evening Advertiser (London, England), January 17, 1758 - January 19, 1758
Arrived at New-York, Prussian Hero, Day, from Liverpool
[latest news from New York was 28 Nov]
30 Jan 1758
New-York Mercury, 30 Jan 1758, p3:
Custom-House, New-York
Cleared for Departure

Ship Prussian Hero, William Day, to Jamaica.
[also in New-York Gazette, same day]
31 Mar 1758
Gomer Williams "History of the Liverpool Privateers" (1897) p92:
In August, 1757, we find Captain Day in command of the Prussian Hero (Letter of Marque), 400 tons burthen, 20 guns (six and nine-pounders) and 80 men, belonging to Mr. Richard Savage, and engaged in the American and West India trade. In March, 1758, on his outward voyage, he fell in with five French privateers off Martinico, three of whom engaged him at once, but after a smart fire he got clear of them. Off the east end of Jamaica he was attacked by a privateer of 16 guns, full of men, who ran his jib-boom into Captain day's mizen shrouds, where it was immediately lashed, and as fast as the Frenchmen boarded the ship they were as vigorously repulsed, the Captain animating his men in a surprising manner, and killing ten of the enemy with his own hand. The slaughter was so great that the deck ran with blood. However, Captain Day, finding that there was no likelihood of overpowering them, on account of the superiority of their number, cut the lashings, and his mainsail filling, he soon left them. The engagement lasted about two hours, and Captain Day had only one man killed.
1 May 1758
New-York Gazette, or Weekly Post-Boy, 1 May 1758, p2:
KINGSTON, in Jamaica
March 18.
Tuesday arrived the ship Prussian-Hero, William Day, Commander, mounting two 12, eight 9, and ten 6-pounders, belonging to the Port of Liverpool, but last from New-York, which Place she left the 10th of February; the Particulars of whose Passage hither, from the ship's Log-Book, are as follows, viz.
1, A sloop of 12 Guns, about 18 or 20 Leagues to the Eastward of Antigua, run cross our Bow, and gave us a Broadside, which was immediately returned; she then made sail before the Wind, on which we gave Chase for 8 Hours, but finding she outsailed us, left her, and stood for Jamaica. ”March 2, at 8 in the Morning, saw a Sloop and a Schooner in chase of us; at 10 began firing, which was continued till 12, then saw another a-head, which joined Company with them about Two o'clock; they spoke to each other, on which the large sloop of 12 Guns, attacked us on our Larboard Quarter; and the Schooner, of 10 Guns, on our starboard Quarter; and the small sloop, of 8 Guns, run upon our starboard Bow; upon which we wore ship, and gave the sloop our Larboard Broadside; she immediately hauled her Wind, and lay to windward to refit, being in the utmost Confusion: We then wore ship again, continued firing on the Schooner and small sloop till past 6 the same Evening, when they both hauled to the Southward, and we saw no more of them.
"March 11, Off Beata, on the Coast of Hispaniola, about Daylight in the Morning, saw a sloop from the Southward, of 14 Carriage Guns, besides Swivels, and full of Men, standing a-thwart our Bow; she came so near as to give us a Broadside, which we immediately returned: she then made sail and stood to the Westward: We gave her Chase till 6 in the Evening, but not coming up with her, kept our Course for Jamaica; on which the sloop hauled her Wind, and followed us all Night; in the Morning was about a League a-stern, but Monsieur did not yet care to engage; on which we made more sail, still continuing our proper Course: At 10 the sloop made all the sail she could, to run us along-side, and at 12 she run us aboard, with her Bowsprit between our Mizon-Mast and Mizon-shrouds, and lay under our Stern for about two Hours; on which a hot Engagement ensued with their Small-Arms, Powder-Flasks, Hand-Granadoes, besides a Stink-Pot, which they droped into the foot of our Mizon, and burnt it to pieces, but did no other Damage; nor did we lose a Man, except one Daniel Frazier, who was killed by a Cross-Bar shot, as he was at his station in the Cabin; and two other Seamen wounded: But as for the Privateer, she was a mere Slaughter-House ! not having less than 60 Men killed outright, besides many wounded, in so much that their very Scuppers run with Blood ! But the Breeze springing up, she fell a little a-stern, which disengaged her Bowsprit; and her Main-sail then filling, she cleared herself; but on her Departure, having our Broadside ready, on firing our second Gun a-baft, loaded with a Cross-Bar-shot, and Partridge, struch and dismounted her third Gun forward, killed the Man that was loading it, went through the Boat, and carried away part of the Gunwale on the other side; on which the Privateer made al the sail she possibly could, and got clear off.
4 May 1758
Boston News-Letter, 4 May 1758, p1:
Extract of a Letter from Capt. William Day Commander of the Ship Prussian hero, who lately sail'd from New-York for the West-Indies, dated March 4th 1758.
- THE first Instant 12 Leagues to the Windward of Antigua, at 8 in the Morning a French Privateer, of 12 Guns, came across our Bow; our Guns being all hous'd: She ran up within 200 Yards of us, and bore away: We immediately run out our Guns, and gave her a Broad-Side; upon which she made all the Sail she could before the Wind, and got out of the reach of our Guns, and then haul'd her Wind and dog'd us all Night. In the Morning we fell in with a Scooner of 10 Guns: They both engag'd us from 8 to 10; and at 12 another Sloop of 8 Guns came to their Assistance: And at 4 in the Afternoon they tho't to make a grand Attack upon us, and all ran boldly on as tho' they intended to board us.- We let them come within reach of our Guns; when, upon the first Broad-Side we gave them, one of the Sloops was obliged to haul his Wind and ly by: The Scooner and the other Sloop still came on; but we ply'd them so warmly that a little after 6 in the Evening they haul'd their Wind, and as Night was coming on and they to Wind of us, could not get either of them,.- They were full of Men; and I believe we kill'd a considerable Number of them.- We saw many of the Shot strike them; which put them in the utmost Confusion.- They would not come to Leeward of us; if they had, we should have taken the Three. Mrs Day, (the Captain's Wife) behav'd all the Time of Action, in the Gun-Room handing Powder, more like an old Veteran than a Woman, and declar'd all the Time, she would not quit her Post, while there was a Man able to fire a Gun.- We had 3 Men slightly wounded by a Powder-Horn blowing up.- We have 63 Men and Boys, and two Women.-
[also in New-Hampshire Gazette, 12 May]
4 May 1758
The Old Boston Post Road, by Stephen Jenkins (1913) p34:
… the city of New York . . . was in 1787 a poor town with about twenty-three thousand people.
… In those days there were two ways of getting to Boston : one was by a clumsy stage that travelled about forty miles a day, with the same horses the whole day; so that by rising at three or four o'clock, and prolonging the day's ride into the night, one made out to reach Boston in six days; the other route was by packet-sloops up the Sound to Providence, and thence by land to Boston. This was full of uncertainty, sometimes being travelled in three, and sometimes in nine days.
5 Jun 1758
Lloyd's Evening Post and British Chronicle (London, England), June 2, 1758 - June 5, 1758
Prussian Hero, Day, from N. York, at Jamaica.
6 Jun 1758
Lloyd's List, 6 Jun 1758:
Jamaica ...
Prussian Hero, Day arrived from New-York
22 Jun 1758
London Evening Post (London, England), June 20, 1758 - June 22, 1758
Kingston in Jamaica, March 16.
TUESDAY last arrived here Capt. Day, in a Ship from Liverpool, but last from New York; in his Passage off Martinico, he fell in with five French Privateers, three of whom engaged him at once, but after a smart Fire he got clear of them; off the East End of this Island, he was attacked by a Privateer Sloop of 16 Guns, full of Men, who run his Jib-boom into Capt. Day's Mizen Shrowds, where it was immediately lashed, and as fast as the Frenchmen boarded the Ship, they were as vigorously repulsed, the Captain animating the Crew in a surprising Manner, having killed ten of the Enemy with his own Hand, and the Slaughter was so great, that the Deck run with Blood: However, Capt. Day, finding there was no Likelihood of overpowering them, on Account of the Superiority of their Numbers, cut the Lashings, and his Mainsail filling, he soon got clear of them. The Engagement lasted near two Hours, and Capt. Day had only one Man killed.
summer 1758?Day's first wife Polly was said to have died in Jamaica “about 1755”, but his wife is mentioned in reports of the above action, and he did not remarry until 1760, so perhaps she died in the month or two spent in Jamaica this summer waiting for a convoy back to England.
23 Sep 1758
London Chronicle, 21-23 Sep 1758:
Plymouth, Sept. 18. Arrived ... the Lynn man of war from Jamaica; with the following ships under her convoy; viz. [7 named] with the remainder of the fleet, names unknown, making in the whole 58 sail at this port.
26 Sep 1758
Whitehall Evening Post or London Intelligencer (London, England), September 23, 1758 - September 26, 1758
The following Ships are arrived at Plymouth from Jamaica ...
Prussian Hero, Day
26 Sep 1758
Lloyd's List, 26 Sep 1758:
Plimouth ...
19 Prussian Hero, Day arrived from Jamaica
1 Oct 1758
Hartford’s Ancient Burying Ground
1758 Oct. William Day, Jr., died in the army. [He was bap. 30 Mar 1718, son of William Day (1692-1768; son of John Day & Sarah Butler) & Elizabeth Andrews]
3 Oct 1758
Manchester Mercury and Harrop's General Advertiser, 3 Oct 1758, p2:
SHIPS arrived at LIVERPOOL since our LAST
24 Ecendracht, Amery, with Sugar, Indigo and Coffee, from Port au Prince, a Dutch Ship sent in by the General Blakeney, Capt. Samuel Lea, a Letter of Marque bound for Jamaica
6 Dec 1758
Public Advertiser (London, England), Wednesday, December 6, 1758
For SALE by the CANDLE,
at LLOYD's Coffee-house in Lombard-street,
Wednesday December 20, precisely at Twelve at Noon
THE good Ship Prussian Hero, an exceeding fine Sailer, square Stern, Foreign built and sheathed, Burden 330 Tons more or less, with exceeding good Dimensions for the West-India or Virginia Trades, well found, now lying at Limehouse Hole,- Day, Commander.
Inventories to be had on board, at the Place of Sale, and of
9 Dec 1758
London Gazette, 9 Dec 1758, p3:
Whereas a Commission of Bankrupt is awarded and issued forth against George Nelson, Abraham Hoskins, and Benjamin Mather, all of Manchester in the County of Lancashire, Merchants, Dealers, Chapmen, and Partners, and they being declared Bankrupts, are hereby required to surrender themselves to the Commissioners in the said Commission named, or the major Part of them, on the 3d, 4th, and 23d of January next, at Two of the Clock in the Afternoon on each of the said Days, at the House of James Crompton, being St. Ann's Coffee House in Manchester aforesaid ...
No Manchester Mercurys or Lloyd's Lists from 1759 in online databases
1 Oct 1759
Green & Russell's BOSTON Post-Boy & Advertiser, 1 Oct 1759, p3:
Cleared Out (to 29 Sep) ... Day for North-Carolina ...
25 Oct 1759
Early Vital Records of Massachusetts
Hampden County
Springfield Marriages
William Day and Lucinda Sacket, int. Oct. 4, 1759 [int= declaration of intention to marry]
William Day and Lucretia Sackett, Oct. 25, 1759 [correct names here ; this is a younger William, but too old to be Capt. William's son, although one genealogist invented such a person, with a birth-date of c1730]

Coming in Part 3- a non-too-tranquil peace, and Massachusetts becomes a State. Or: return to start.